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Chapter 11

(May 31, 1994) AN INTERVIEW WITH LI RUI by Dai Qing

Dai Qing: On November 30, 1988, the assessment by the leading group of the Three Gorges project, which had lasted for 2 1/2; years, proposed “starting the construction early.” For the sixth time in more than 30 years, this has moved the project forward on the national economic agenda, which has inevitably drawn the concern of citizens who will assess the project through its impact on their shopping bag. From the very beginning, you have been involved in the debate over the project, and have already participated in decision making at the highest level. In fact, half of your career has been concerned with the fate of the Three Gorges. Could you tell us under what circumstances the proposal for this grand project was put forward?

Chapter 10

(May 31, 1994) AN INTERVIEW WITH HUANG SHUNXING by Dai Qing

In 1985 you returned to China by way of Japan. Were you, at that time, aware of the ecological crisis confronting the mainland and the detrimental impact of the Three Gorges project on the environment?

Chapter 9

(May 31, 1994) OPINIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: A Statement for the Third Session of the Seventh Standing Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference by Li Boning

I am in full support of the Communique of the Third Plenum of the Thirteenth Party Congress, and the report by Comrade Zhao Ziyang, which emphasized controlling the economic environment, diminishing consumer demand and capital investments, and favoring major industries.

Chapter 8

(May 31, 1994) SUGGESTIONS ON THE CONSTRUCTION SCHEME OF THE THREE GORGES PROJECT by Lu Qinkan

According to the "Resolution on the Construction of the Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River" passed at the March-April, 1992, fifth session of the seventh National People’s Congress (NPC), the NPC has resolved to approve inclusion of the construction of the Three Gorges project into the Ten-Year National Economic and Social Development Program (1991-2000).

Chapter 7

(May 31, 1994) A REQUEST TO THE NATIONAL PEOPLE’S CONGRESS TO HALT LU YOUMEI’S INAPPROPRIATE ACTIONS ON THE IMMEDIATE START OF THE THREE GORGES PROJECT by Tian Fang and Lin Fatang

To: Comrade Qiao Shi, and the Standing Committee of the Presidium of the First Session of the Eighth National People’s Congress (1993):
We are very concerned about the recent propaganda campaign which argues that the Three Gorges project should start immediately, ahead of the scheduled date. We are making an urgent appeal to the National People’s Congress (NPC) in the hope that it will pay attention to this matter and stop the project as soon as possible.

Chapter 6

(May 31, 1994) PLEASE ATTEND TO THE OPPOSING OPINIONS ON THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: A Letter to the Leadership of the Chinese Communist Party by Li Rui

To: Comrade Jiang Zemin and other Chinese Communist Party Politburo Standing Committee members:

Chapter 5

(May 31, 1994) VIEWS AND SUGGESTIONS ON THE ASSESSMENT REPORT OF THE THREE GORGES PROJECT

Written Statement Submitted to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party by Ten Members of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference88

by Sun Yueqi, Lin Hua, Wang Xingrang, Xu Guangyi, Qiao Peixin, Chen Mingshao, Luo Xibei, Yan Xinghua, Zhao Weigang, Lu Qinkan

Chapter 3

(May 31, 1994) THE COMEBACK OF THE THREE GORGES DAM (1989-1993) by Shi He and Ji Si

On January 23, 1989, … Yao Yilin, vice-premier and director of the State Council Examination Committee of the Three Gorges project, issued the following statement on behalf of the State Council:

“It is impossible to begin the project within the next five years; therefore, it is not necessary to devote a lot of energy to debating it now. …”

Chapter 2

(May 31, 1994) THE BANNING OF YANGTZE! YANGTZE! by Xiao Rong

Due to the concerted efforts of scholars, reporters, editors and publishers, Yangtze! Yangtze! was published as intended just prior to the National People’s Congress (NPC) annual assembly in 1989.

Chapter 1

(May 31, 1994) CHAPTER ONE
THE STRUGGLE TO PUBLISH YANGTZE! YANGTZE! IN CHINA by Dai Qing

Since the mid-1980s there have been only three occasions when the Chinese people have openly voiced opposition to the Three Gorges project. … The third instance was when I and several colleagues first published this book, Yangtze! Yangtze!, in China.

Introduction

(May 31, 1994) OPPOSITION TO AN UNVIABLE DAM by Patricia Adams and Philip Williams

On February 28, 1989, an extraordinary alliance of Chinese journalists, scientists, engineers, scholars, and army generals organized a press conference in Beijing to release their independently produced book criticizing the proposed Three Gorges dam on the Yangtze River.

Preface

(May 31, 1994) THE THREE GORGES DAM AND THE CHINESE POLITY by Lawrence R. Sullivan

The contributors to this volume are generally not liberal, Westernized dissidents. Many are long-time loyal communists; others are veteran members of China’s normally compliant satellite parties. These are not the young idealists who filled Beijing’s streets in the democracy movement of 1989, but largely elderly officials with scientific and technical backgrounds who have opposed the dam out of a genuine concern for China’s economic health and political stability.

EDITORS’ NOTE

(May 31, 1994) Yangtze! Yangtze! is a collection of Chinese documents debating the Three Gorges project. This English translation is organized in a manner similar to its Chinese predecessor, with interviews, essays and letters to Chinese officials forming distinct sections. But this edition, which is being published after the project has been given the official go-ahead, also reflects the continuing struggle against the dam: 10 new chapters are included here, which both update and expand the material contained in the original Chinese edition.