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Chapter 26

(May 31, 1994) MUST A FINISHED PROJECT FINISH ITS ENVIRONMENT? by Mao Yushi

In the old days, when my uncle, Mao Yishen, designed the Qiantan River bridge, the director of the construction office in Zhejing province told him he would take care of the budget, and that my uncle was to be in charge of personnel. But one point was made clear: if the bridge turned out to be a failure then they both had to take responsibility and jump in the river. Today, however, after many failed and defective projects, people no longer feel personally responsible. It is ridiculous to make a final decision on the extraordinarily large Three Gorges project without an established decision-making process and a practical investment system.

Chapter 25

(May 31, 1994) HIGH DAM: THE SWORD OF DAMOCLES by Yang Lang

On December 22, 1988, then U.S. president Ronald Reagan issued a televised threat against a Libyan chemical plant in the depths of the North African desert. The attack did not take place, but the impact was far-reaching.

Chapter 24

(May 31, 1994) RESETTLEMENT IN THE THREE GORGES PROJECT by Dai Qing

In contemporary China, many decision makers ignore the possible consequences of flooding the upper stream of the Yangtze River,236 and of blocking this vital waterway for 20 years in order to construct the Three Gorges project. China needs a solid financial environment for its economic reform, but decision makers insist instead on building a super dam at China’s most beautiful scenic spot on its largest river. The project will force the resettlement of between one million and 1.6 million people.

Chapter 23

(May 31, 1994) TEN CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES ON THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: An Account of an Interview with Tian Fang and Lin Fatang by Lu Qinkan

Opinions differ both at home and abroad over whether to construct the Three Gorges project. The main points of view in support of and in opposition to the project will now be summarized.

Chapter 22

(May 31, 1994) INTERNATIONAL OPPOSITION TO THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: An Account of an Interview with Tian Fang and Lin Fatang by Zhang Shengyou

The Three Gorges dam will be the largest hydro-electric project the world has ever seen. As soon as the project was announced publicly, there was an enormous response from overseas.

Chapter 21

(May 31, 1994) THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: AN UNREASONABLE OPTION FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION An Account of an Interview with Luo Xibei by Wu Jingcai

Luo asks an important question-where is the electricity generated by the Three Gorges project supposed to go, and whom will it serve?

Chapter 20

(May 31, 1994) THE TRIBUTARIES FIRST AND THE MAINSTREAM OF THE RIVER SECOND: A PRINCIPLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE YANGTZE RIVER An Interview with Chen Mingshao by Gang Jian

Gang Jian: I gather that you used to work in the field of water resources. One might assume that you would be very enthusiastic about the immediate start of the Three Gorges project, and yet it turns out that you are opposed to a hasty start. What are the primary reasons for your position?

Chapter 19

(May 31, 1994) THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: AN ENORMOUS ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER: An Interview with Hou Xueyu by Zhu Jianhong

Zhu Jianhong: Is it true that you didn’t sign the assessment report concerned with the environmental aspects of the Three Gorges project?

Chapter 18

(May 31, 1994) THE LIMITED BENEFITS OF FLOOD CONTROL: An Interview with Lu Qinkan by Chen Kexiong

Chen Kexiong: I understand that as early as the Nationalist period you were sent to America to study and work out the first draft plan of the Three Gorges project.

Chapter 17

(May 31, 1994) RESETTLEMENT AND LAND LOSS WILL SERIOUSLY DISRUPT PRODUCTION: An Interview with Wang Xingrang by Chen Ying

Chen Ying: Discussions have been going on for decades as to the feasibility of carrying out the Three Gorges project. But little has been reported to the public. The assessment meetings are given only simple and biased news coverage. The departments concerned, and some leaders, are said to be unwilling to have the issue debated openly. Do you think the project should be discussed by people throughout the country?

Chapter 16

(May 31, 1994) ONCE THE GOLDEN WATERWAY IS SEVERED, CAN ANOTHER YANGTZE RIVER BE DUG? : A Conversation with Peng De by Fang Xiangming and Li Weizhong

Peng De: Since the transportation capacity of the Yangtze River is approximately equal to that of 14 railway lines, the development of the river should give more emphasis to shipping than to flood control. Premier Zhou Enlai once pointed out emphatically: “If a dam in the Yangtze River hinders navigation, this dam must be blown up.”

Chapter 15

(May 31, 1994) NEVER DAM THE THREE GORGES: An Interview with Professor Huang Wanli by Dai Qing

Dai Qing: We know you were the only person who contended in 1957 that damming the Sanmenxia Gorge on the Yellow River should not be allowed. Now, you hold the same view on the Three Gorges project. May I ask, then, whether you oppose damming any river?

Chapter 13

(May 31, 1994) EQUAL TREATMENT FOR DIFFERENT OPINIONS AND PERSPECTIVES: An Interview with Sun Yueqi by Zhang Aiping

Zhang Aiping: Old Sun, as a specialist in mining and metallurgy, when did you begin to do research on the Three Gorges project?

Chapter 12

(May 31, 1994) WE ARE VERY WORRIED, WE ARE VERY CONCERNED: A Conversation on the Three Gorges Project Among Zhou Peiyuan, and Lin Hua by Qian Gang

If decision makers are exposed only to positive arguments for the project, how can they make sound decisions? We have suffered greatly because of this one-sided approach. It should not be allowed to continue any longer.