1. The population subject to resettlement should, at a minimum, maintain its current standard of living and should have the opportunity to achieve a higher standard of living after resettlement has taken place.
2. The resettlement transition period should be minimized and adequate support of both a social and economic nature should be provided during the transition period.
3. Resettlement should achieve the social and economic reestablishment of those dislocated, on a viable productive basis, through the creation of project-funded new industrial, service sector and agricultural employment and activities. Insofar as changes in occupation are necessary, the replacement opportunities should properly recognize the social, communal, cultural, educational and vocational profile of those affected, and any changes in economic activity should be introduced on a voluntary basis.
4. The resettlement plans should have broad-based popular acceptance and the affected population should be consulted.
5. The distances the population to be relocated are required to move should be minimized and opportunities for resettling people in groups and communities should be provided.
6. The affected urban resettlements should be adjusted or replanned with adequate regard to functional structure, infrastructure provision and new site capability.
7. Houseplot and dwelling size allocation at new rural and urban sites should ensure improved conditions and take into account predictable growth of affected households.
8. The resettlement plans should minimize the loss of existing natural resources, especially agricultural lands.
9. The resettlement plans should have adequate institutional arrangements to ensure effective and timely implementation and adequate monitoring and evaluation arrangements.
10. The financial resources to carry out the relocation and development proposals should be available when and where required.
11. As a measure of mitigation in itself, the impacts of the resettlement on the natural and socio-economic environment, including cultural heritage items, should be considered acceptable.
12. Only those factories that will be economically viable should be considered for relocation and the compensation for the assets of the non-viable factories should be used to create new employment opportunities.
13. Inundated items of infrastructure such as roads, bridges, etc. should be replaced so that the previous level of service is maintained or improved.
14. Resettlement should not cause adverse socio-economic impacts on the standards of living of the host population nor on their environment.
SOURCE: CYJV, Vol. 1, pp. 17-1, 17-2
Categories: Three Gorges Probe