Chapter 20

(May 31, 1994) THE TRIBUTARIES FIRST AND THE MAINSTREAM OF THE RIVER SECOND: A PRINCIPLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE YANGTZE RIVER An Interview with Chen Mingshao by Gang Jian

Gang Jian: I gather that you used to work in the field of water resources. One might assume that you would be very enthusiastic about the immediate start of the Three Gorges project, and yet it turns out that you are opposed to a hasty start. What are the primary reasons for your position?

Chapter 19

(May 31, 1994) THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: AN ENORMOUS ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER: An Interview with Hou Xueyu by Zhu Jianhong

Zhu Jianhong: Is it true that you didn’t sign the assessment report concerned with the environmental aspects of the Three Gorges project?

Chapter 18

(May 31, 1994) THE LIMITED BENEFITS OF FLOOD CONTROL: An Interview with Lu Qinkan by Chen Kexiong

Chen Kexiong: I understand that as early as the Nationalist period you were sent to America to study and work out the first draft plan of the Three Gorges project.

Chapter 17

(May 31, 1994) RESETTLEMENT AND LAND LOSS WILL SERIOUSLY DISRUPT PRODUCTION: An Interview with Wang Xingrang by Chen Ying

Chen Ying: Discussions have been going on for decades as to the feasibility of carrying out the Three Gorges project. But little has been reported to the public. The assessment meetings are given only simple and biased news coverage. The departments concerned, and some leaders, are said to be unwilling to have the issue debated openly. Do you think the project should be discussed by people throughout the country?

Chapter 16

(May 31, 1994) ONCE THE GOLDEN WATERWAY IS SEVERED, CAN ANOTHER YANGTZE RIVER BE DUG? : A Conversation with Peng De by Fang Xiangming and Li Weizhong

Peng De: Since the transportation capacity of the Yangtze River is approximately equal to that of 14 railway lines, the development of the river should give more emphasis to shipping than to flood control. Premier Zhou Enlai once pointed out emphatically: “If a dam in the Yangtze River hinders navigation, this dam must be blown up.”

Chapter 15

(May 31, 1994) NEVER DAM THE THREE GORGES: An Interview with Professor Huang Wanli by Dai Qing

Dai Qing: We know you were the only person who contended in 1957 that damming the Sanmenxia Gorge on the Yellow River should not be allowed. Now, you hold the same view on the Three Gorges project. May I ask, then, whether you oppose damming any river?

Chapter 13

(May 31, 1994) EQUAL TREATMENT FOR DIFFERENT OPINIONS AND PERSPECTIVES: An Interview with Sun Yueqi by Zhang Aiping

Zhang Aiping: Old Sun, as a specialist in mining and metallurgy, when did you begin to do research on the Three Gorges project?

Chapter 12

(May 31, 1994) WE ARE VERY WORRIED, WE ARE VERY CONCERNED: A Conversation on the Three Gorges Project Among Zhou Peiyuan, and Lin Hua by Qian Gang

If decision makers are exposed only to positive arguments for the project, how can they make sound decisions? We have suffered greatly because of this one-sided approach. It should not be allowed to continue any longer.

Chapter 11

(May 31, 1994) AN INTERVIEW WITH LI RUI by Dai Qing

Dai Qing: On November 30, 1988, the assessment by the leading group of the Three Gorges project, which had lasted for 2 1/2; years, proposed “starting the construction early.” For the sixth time in more than 30 years, this has moved the project forward on the national economic agenda, which has inevitably drawn the concern of citizens who will assess the project through its impact on their shopping bag. From the very beginning, you have been involved in the debate over the project, and have already participated in decision making at the highest level. In fact, half of your career has been concerned with the fate of the Three Gorges. Could you tell us under what circumstances the proposal for this grand project was put forward?

Chapter 10

(May 31, 1994) AN INTERVIEW WITH HUANG SHUNXING by Dai Qing

In 1985 you returned to China by way of Japan. Were you, at that time, aware of the ecological crisis confronting the mainland and the detrimental impact of the Three Gorges project on the environment?

Chapter 9

(May 31, 1994) OPINIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: A Statement for the Third Session of the Seventh Standing Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference by Li Boning

I am in full support of the Communique of the Third Plenum of the Thirteenth Party Congress, and the report by Comrade Zhao Ziyang, which emphasized controlling the economic environment, diminishing consumer demand and capital investments, and favoring major industries.

Chapter 8

(May 31, 1994) SUGGESTIONS ON THE CONSTRUCTION SCHEME OF THE THREE GORGES PROJECT by Lu Qinkan

According to the "Resolution on the Construction of the Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River" passed at the March-April, 1992, fifth session of the seventh National People’s Congress (NPC), the NPC has resolved to approve inclusion of the construction of the Three Gorges project into the Ten-Year National Economic and Social Development Program (1991-2000).

Chapter 7

(May 31, 1994) A REQUEST TO THE NATIONAL PEOPLE’S CONGRESS TO HALT LU YOUMEI’S INAPPROPRIATE ACTIONS ON THE IMMEDIATE START OF THE THREE GORGES PROJECT by Tian Fang and Lin Fatang

To: Comrade Qiao Shi, and the Standing Committee of the Presidium of the First Session of the Eighth National People’s Congress (1993):
We are very concerned about the recent propaganda campaign which argues that the Three Gorges project should start immediately, ahead of the scheduled date. We are making an urgent appeal to the National People’s Congress (NPC) in the hope that it will pay attention to this matter and stop the project as soon as possible.

Chapter 6

(May 31, 1994) PLEASE ATTEND TO THE OPPOSING OPINIONS ON THE THREE GORGES PROJECT: A Letter to the Leadership of the Chinese Communist Party by Li Rui

To: Comrade Jiang Zemin and other Chinese Communist Party Politburo Standing Committee members: