Essays and Reports

Export bribery rules challenged

BBC News
February 15, 2006

Tough new guidelinesGermany and Japan have challenged new draft global anti-corruption guidelines for exporting companies, according to documents seen by the BBC. The countries say that rules aimed at improving the transparency of export credit agencies are too bureaucratic. are being drawn-up by the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Critics have argued that many agencies backing their national exporters do too little to prevent firms paying bribes. At the Gleneagles summit in July last year, members of the G8 group of leading industrial nations called for a strengthening of anti-bribery requirements “for those applying for export credits and credit guarantees”.

‘Bureaucratic burdens’
Export credit agencies provide guarantees for national exporters, and
are often a key factor for companies doing business in countries where
the risks are considered to be high. The new draft OECD guidelines,
which were expected to be agreed next month, are intended to follow on
from a weaker action statement issued more than five years ago.
However, objections by Germany, Japan and a number of smaller countries
have raised fears that a final decision on new anti-bribery rules could
be delayed. In a paper responding to the latest draft proposals,
Germany said combating bribery in international business transactions
remained a “priority issue”. But it warned against introducing stricter
guidelines for credit export agencies that would “only additional
bureaucratic burdens”.

‘Highly questionable’ Germany said it
opposed plans to require agents representing exporting companies in
countries to disclose their identity when seeking export credits or
guarantees. “It is highly questionable whether their revelation is a
proper tool for detecting bribery,” the German submission said.
Anti-corruption groups claim that some agents, who act as consultants
for exporting companies in countries where they do business, have
received or passed on bribes in order to facilitate deals. Japanese
officials said they were “sceptical” about the need for agents’
identities to be revealed. Tokyo added that “excessive responsibilities
or roles” should not be imposed on export credit agencies.

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